WHAT IS A MANUFACTURED HOME?
Many people often wonder what the difference is between a manufactured and modular home. Both of these are types of factory-built homes that have few differences.
A manufactured home is built on a permanent structure that can be used with or without a permanent foundation after connection to utilities. Manufactured homes are constructed in a factory with federal standards that are enforced by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). HUD regulates the home's design and construction, strength and durability, transportability, fire resistance, energy efficiency and quality control. It also sets standards for heating, plumbing, air-conditioning, thermal and electrical systems. The HUD code pre-empts local building codes relating to federal construction codes for manufactured homes.
Manufactured homes are delivered to the home location in one, two or three sections. All flooring, cabinetry, fixtures, appliances and plumbing have been installed at the factory. If the home has multiple sections, the sections are joined at the site, with minimal finish work completed by an installer, such as the joining of carpet and the connection of utilities. Manufactured housing now offers more living space. The homes are available with floor space ranging from 1,200 square feet to over 2,400 square feet. They are often hard to distinguish from site-built housing.
WHAT IS A MODULAR HOME?
Modular homes are also built in a factory. They begin as are designed, engineered and assembled in a controlled, factory environment. Modular homes also must meet codes regulated by state and local agencies just like the site-built homes are regulated.
Modular homes can be one or two-story dwellings and are delivered to the home site in two or more sections, sometimes as the shell of a home. Part of the interior work is accomplished at the factory, but most of the interior and exterior finish work is completed by the builder at the home site. The interior amenities installed at the home site are governed by local codes. Modular homes are placed on private property.